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Super Fruit Aronia

The Aronia berry or aronia melanocarpa is a native plant to the midwest area that is sometimes called “Chokeberries” because of its tart dry taste. The berry itself looks somewhat like a blueberry but is a bit denser and has a thicker skin. The aronia berry has proven to be one of nature's most powerful antioxidant foods. The small dark berries are packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Aronia berries contain the highest levels of anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins when compared to many of the other well-known super fruits. This status comes from its impressive ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) value. Aronia berries surpass acai berries, blueberries, raspberries, goji berries, cranberries and even more fruits in their ORAC value.


General info

Heart Health


Aronia melanocarpa extract reduces blood pressure, serum endothelin, lipid, and oxidative stress marker levels in patients with metabolic syndrome.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20037491

Combination therapy of statin with flavonoids rich extract from chokeberry fruits enhanced reduction in cardiovascular risk markers in patients after myocardial infraction.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17320090

Anthocyanins--an adjunct to cardiovascular therapy?

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12917728


Extract of Aronia melanocarpa-modified hemostasis: in vitro studies

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4175040/

In vivo influence of extract from Aronia melanocarpa on the erythrocyte membranes in patients with hypercholesterolemia

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3560659/


Effects of Glucomannan-Enriched, Aronia Juice-Based Supplement on Cellular Antioxidant Enzymes and Membrane Lipid Status in Subjects with Abdominal Obesity

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4276299/


Aronia melanocarpa fruit extract exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in human aortic endothelial cells

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3397226/

Short-term supplementation with Aronia melanocarpa extract improves platelet aggregation, clotting, and fibrinolysis in patients with metabolic syndrome

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3397218/


Aronia melanocarpa Elliot Reduces the Activity of Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme—In Vitro and Ex Vivo Studies

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4094718/


Extract from Aronia melanocarpa fruits potentiates the inhibition of platelet aggregation in the presence of endothelial cells

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3281331/

Action mechanism and cardiovascular effect of anthocyanins: a systematic review of animal and human studies

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5111351/


Antihyperlipidemic effect of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17136466

Blood pressure-lowering properties of chokeberry (Aronia mitchurinii, var. Viking)

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1756464610000253


The Involvement of a Polyphenol-Rich Extract of Black Chokeberry in Oxidative Stress on Experimental Arterial Hypertension

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2013/912769/


Antiatherogenic and Cardioprotective Effects of Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) Juice in Aging Rats

www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2015/717439/

Effects of Sambucus nigra and Aronia melanocarpa extracts on immune system disorders within diabetes mellitus

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/13880209.2014.931441

Joint Health


Anthocyanin-rich Aronia melanocarpa extract improves body temperature maintenance in healthy women with a cold constitution

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3843504/

The influence of chokeberry juice supplementation on the reduction of oxidative stress resulting from an incremental rowing ergometer exercise.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15902989

Exercise and Antioxidants

http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/184113

Anti-inflammatory effect of flavonoids in the natural juice from Aronia melanocarpa, rutin and rutin-magnesium complex on an experimental model of inflammation induced by histamine and serotonin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7892768


Blood Health


Aronia melanocarpa Juice Induces a Redox-Sensitive p73-Related Caspase 3-Dependent Apoptosis in Human Leukemia Cells

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3297612/


Short-term supplementation with Aronia melanocarpa extract improves platelet aggregation, clotting, and fibrinolysis in patients with metabolic syndrome

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3397218/


Extract of Aronia melanocarpa-modified hemostasis: in vitro studies

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4175040/

Effects of Aronia melanocarpa juice as part of the dietary regimen in patients with diabetes mellitus.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12580526

Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17440626

Effect of anthocyanins from Aronia melanocarpa on blood pressure, concentration of endothelin-1 and lipids in patients with metabolic syndrome.

http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/18044341

Aronia melanocarpa juice induces a redox-sensitive p73-related caspase 3-dependent apoptosis in human leukemia cells.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22412883


Effect of Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) juice on the metabolic activation and detoxication of carcinogenic N-nitrosodiethylamine in rat liver.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19378944

Ingestion of black chokeberry fruit extract leads to intestinal and systemic changes in a rat model of prediabetes and hyperlipidemia.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18726160


Phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, radical oxygen species scavenging and lipid peroxidation inhibiting activities of extracts of five black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliot) cultivars

http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1387885201_Rop%20et%20al.pdf

Combination therapy of statin with flavonoids rich extract from chokeberry fruits enhanced reduction in cardiovascular risk markers in patients after myocardial infraction (MI).

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17320090E

Anthocyans-rich Aronia melanocarpa extract possesses ability to protect endothelial progenitor cells against angiotensin II induced dysfunction

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711315003281


Studies on antioxidant properties of polyphenol-rich extract from berries of Aronia melanocarpa in blood platelets.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19212014

http://www.jpp.krakow.pl/journal/archive/12_08/pdf/823_12_08_article.pdf


Effect of novel plant antioxidants on platelet superoxide production and aggregation in atherosclerosis.

http://www.jpp.krakow.pl/journal/archive/12_06/articles/08_article.html


Digestive Health


Low-Dose Aronia melanocarpa Concentrate Attenuates Paraquat-Induced Neurotoxicity

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684878/


Phytochemical profile of a blend of black chokeberry and lemon juice with cholinesterase inhibitory effect and antioxidant potential

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814612006474


Aronia melanocarpa Treatment and Antioxidant Status in Selected Tissues in Wistar Rats

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4099284/


Polyphenols from Berries of Aronia melanocarpa Reduce the Plasma Lipid Peroxidation Induced by Ziprasidone

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4099167/


Cognitive-Enhancing Effect of Aronia melanocarpa Extract against Memory Impairment Induced by Scopolamine in Mice

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4867058/


Flavonoids protect neuronal cells from oxidative stress by three distinct mechanisms

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891584900004986


Berry fruit supplementation and the aging brain.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18211020


Brain Health


Low-Dose Aronia melanocarpa Concentrate Attenuates Paraquat-Induced Neurotoxicity

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684878/


Phytochemical profile of a blend of black chokeberry and lemon juice with cholinesterase inhibitory effect and antioxidant potential

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814612006474

Aronia melanocarpa Treatment and Antioxidant Status in Selected Tissues in Wistar Rats

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4099284/


Polyphenols from Berries of Aronia melanocarpa Reduce the Plasma Lipid Peroxidation Induced by Ziprasidone

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4099167/


Cognitive-Enhancing Effect of Aronia melanocarpa Extract against Memory Impairment Induced by Scopolamine in Mice

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4867058/


Flavonoids protect neuronal cells from oxidative stress by three distinct mechanisms

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891584900004986


Berry fruit supplementation and the aging brain.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18211020

Eye Health


Anti-inflammatory Effects of Aronia Extract on Rat Endotoxin-Induced Uveitis

http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2163579


Emerging Role of Antioxidants in the Protection of Uveitis Complications

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084581/


Food Antioxidants to Prevent Cataract

http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2190970


Dietary Intake of Antioxidants and Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/202098?resultClick=24

Other Studies


Current knowledge of Aronia melanocarpa as a medicinal plant.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17408071


Effects of Aronia melanocarpa Constituents on Biofilm Formation of Escherichia coli and Bacillus cereus

http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/18/12/14989


Aronia melanocarpa and its components demonstrate antiviral activity against influenza viruses.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24012672


Aronia melanocarpa fruit extract exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in human aortic endothelial cells

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3397226/


Bioavailability and Antioxidant Activity of Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) Polyphenols: in vitro and in vivo Evidences and Possible Mechanisms of Action: A Review

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-4337.2012.00198.x/full


The Clinical Effectiveness of Chokeberry: A Systematic Review

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ptr.3226/abstract


Effect of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice on indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal damage and oxidative stress in rats

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0940299305000047


Chemotherapy modulates the biological activity of breast cancer patients plasma: the protective properties of black chokeberry extract.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23220617


Antioxidant Activities of Chokeberry Extracts and the Cytotoxic Action of Their Anthocyanin Fraction on HeLa Human Cervical Tumor Cells

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3407391/

Anthocyanin-Rich Extract From Aronia meloncarpa E. Induces a Cell Cycle Block in Colon Cancer but Not Normal Colonic Cells

http://www.encognitive.com/files/


Up-regulation of tumor suppressor carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 in human colon cancer Caco-2 cells following repetitive exposure to dietary levels of a polyphenol-rich chokeberry juice

http://www.jnutbio.com/article/S0955-2863(06)00138-0/abstract


Aronia melanocarpa Juice Induces a Redox-Sensitive p73-Related Caspase 3-Dependent Apoptosis in Human Leukemia Cells

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0032526

Influence of Chokeberry Juice on Arterial Blood Pressure and Lipid Parameters in Men with Mild Hypercholesterolemia

http://www.if-pan.krakow.pl/pjp/pdf/2007/s1_177.pdf


In vivo influence of extract from Aronia melanocarpa on the erythrocyte membranes in patients with hypercholesterolemia

http://medscimonit.com/download/index/idArt/883353


Ingestion of Black Chokeberry Fruit Extract Leads to Intestinal and Systemic Changes in a Rat Model of Prediabetes and Hyperlipidemia

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11130-008-0087-7


Effects of Aronia melanocarpa juice as part of the dietary regimen in patients with diabetes mellitus.

http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/12580526


Anthocyanin-rich Aronia melanocarpa extract improves body temperature maintenance in healthy women with a cold constitution

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3843504/


Aronia melanocarpa extract reduces blood pressure, serum endothelin, lipid, and oxidative stress marker levels in patients with metabolic syndrome

http://www.medscimonit.com/download/index/idArt/878315

Dietary Supplementation with Polyphenol-Rich Chokeberry Juice Improves Skin Morphology in Cellulite

http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jmf.2013.0102


Improvement of blood glucose levels and obesity in mice given aronia juice by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and α-glucosidase

http://www.jnutbio.com/article/S0955-2863(16)00041-3/abstract

Effects of Glucomannan-Enriched, Aronia Juice-Based Supplement on Cellular Antioxidant Enzymes and Membrane Lipid Status in Subjects with Abdominal Obesity

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4276299/

Induction of apoptosis and reduction of MMP gene expression in the U373 cell line by polyphenolics in Aronia melanocarpa and by curcumin

https://www.spandidos-publications.com/or/28/4/1435


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